The word “yoga” comes from the ancient Indian language Sanskrit means “Union, connection, communication, unity, harmony”. Yoga is primarily a set of methods for facilitating the development of a unified, whole person. Yoga should be seen as the harmony of the three humors of man: physical, mental-emotional (mental) and spiritual. Although one goal, but achieved it by different aspects of yoga: Kriya yoga, Hatha yoga, Raja yoga, karma yoga, jnani-yoga, bhakti-yoga, barking-yoga, mantra-yoga etc.
There are some limitations, when you cannot exercise on the system of Hatha yoga (leads to the physical perfection of the body), namely at an elevated temperature, for acute and chronic exacerbations, children under 6, people over the age of 60 should be used with caution and gradualism, women should not exercise during menstruation, women from the third month of pregnancy you should stop training and can be resumed in 3-4 months after delivery.
Yoga is not a panacea, but it has a complex effect on the work of all internal organs, endocrine glands, nervous system and thereby helps to cure many diseases.
Patañjali (an ancient Indian philosopher) created the eight-stage path of development or the octal system training: Yama, Niyama, asana, pranayama, pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana, Samadhi. It is implied that,gradually going up and down those stairs, as the student achieves full domination and control, that is, over all the physiological processes occurring in the body and control of the senses. In other words is formed the harmony of body and mind. The first and second stages, i.e., Yama and Niyama, constitute Kriya-yoga. Asana and pranayama is Hatha yoga. Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana and Samadhi Raja-yoga. Yogis attach great importance to Kriya-yoga, this important moral aspect, without studying and learning is hard to achieve serious success in yoga.
The first stage of Kriya yoga — Yama. The word “Kriya” means “action, activity”. The word “Yam” translated into Russian language means “death”, “failure”. Namely the rejection of bad inner qualities, bad traits. Following the main rules prescribed in the pit, people protect themselves from negative emotions, bad habits, wrong actions, which not only lead to diseases of the body, the psyche, but also to the violation of the rules of social behavior. On the first stage of yoga the student should deliver the fatal blow by his vices, abnormal behavior and thinking.
The essence of the basic rules is next:
- Not to cause harm to others, neither in thoughts, neither in words nor in deeds. To treat other people the way you would like them to treat you;
- To be truthful, sincere. Insult, abuse, lie, slander must be escorena;
Not to be a Moneymaker, not just assign. Get rid of greed, envy, temptations, and refrain from abusing a position of power; to Refuse all kinds of gifts. To be free from avarice; to Be wondergenes, that is moderate in everything. A scholar studying “the pit”, should introspect in the morning and evening for at least 15 minutes in a quiet environment, when nobody bothers him.
The second stage is called Niyama. The word “Niyama” is translated as “revival”, “acceptance”. At this stage the student engaged in the revival, the cultivation of good inner qualities, positive lifestyle and thinking. One of the important rules of Niyama is selfless service to humanity and a permanent stay in harmony with the whole Universe — from the microcosm to the macrocosm. The basic rule here is internal and external purification. Internal cleanse provides cleansing of the mind from vicious thoughts, negative character traits and emotions, and develop benevolence and other positive features. Describe some of the cleansing procedures. To means external cleansing yoga include external water treatments: wiping, pouring, shower and bath. In addition to the use of water outside of yoga pay great attention to the application of water inside. Yogis believe that a significant number of diseases associated with lack of water, so a regular drink is one of the main conditions of preservation of health and treatment of many diseases. They are advised to drink unboiled water. Ideal water is considered spring water. Similar to spring melt water. You can drink plain water — tap water, remove chlorine from Water for drinking must be pure, raw and room temperature. It is necessary to drink from 3-4 glasses per day, and every 10 days add 1 Cup until you reach 10-12 cups. No need to drink “one gulp”, and evenly, throughout the day, small SIPS, 2-3 SIPS after 15-20 minutes. The glass is consumed 1-1. 5 hours. Yoga offer carefully monitor the teeth, since the digestion begins with the mouth. Instead of toothbrushes that carry a myriad of germs are encouraged to use sprigs of oak or eucalyptus. Turning them into brushes should be thoroughly prechistyi teeth and massage my gums. Instead of toothpaste use sea salt combined with olive or other vegetable oil. Instead of sea salt you can use small thin table. After each meal rinse your mouth. With language it is necessary to remove plaque. This is done in the morning during washing. Not to mention the hygiene of the throat. In the throat are the tonsils, which is a barrier protecting the body from the penetration of germs from the outside.So after brushing teeth and tongue offer yoga to rinse a throat with the salty water. In a glass of water temperature 37-38 degrees, put half a teaspoon of salt and thoroughly rinsed throat. It removes deposits from the tonsils, strengthens them and is a good preventive measure against colds, sore throats, tonsillitis, etc. But the most important weapon against diseases vysheperechislennyh is the “lion pose”. Vstante right,get down on your knees, spread your heels out to the side, big toes together. Sit between the heels, keeping your back straight. Look ahead. The palms of the hands lying on her lap, fingers together. After a quiet exhalation through the nose hold your breath and simultaneously do the following:
Open your mouth as wide as possible, Vicente language and socicom try to get the chin; Rosshire eyes as wide as possible; the Arms straighten and province forward to wrist touched many generations. The fingers of resdence and bend, as if forming a claw. Straighten your elbows and push your brush heavily, Stay in this position until the last pausable exhalation as you can. Attention sosredotochen throat. Then, return arms to the starting position, relax them, remove the tongue, close your mouth, relax with your eyes and take a calm breath in through your nose. Therapeutic effects: in addition to the above diseases, including angina, cure diseases of the vocal cords due to the powerful rush of blood to the throat and neck.
Food is one of the most important parts of yoga. What are the products they recommend be excluded from the diet, or reduce them to minimum?
To abstain from meat or to restrict its use. Meat diet causes putrefaction processes in the intestine, contributes to the accumulation of urea ( urea ), which leads to premature aging; to Cook food on vegetable oil; to Eliminate from the diet sugar and foods rich in them; to Refuse, if possible, from baked goods made with yeast; Yoga is not against milk and moschnyh products, but recommend eating them in moderation. Preference should be given yogurt products. Raw onions and garlic, according to yogis, a beautiful medicinal plants. But to use them in your daily diet should not be, because they excite the nervous system and irritate the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract. You can’t eat too hot and too cold food. You need to eat a variety of raw plant foods. Very useful for Breakfast to eat cereal from sprouted wheat. Prepare it so: the wheat rate of 50-100 grams per serving thoroughly washed with cold water, placed in a vessel and covered with water that it reaches the outer level of grain, but did not cover it from above. After 24 hours the grains will they hatch sprouts a small white or greenish color in the size of one millimeter (larger sprouts do not eat). Next skip mass through a meat grinder and pour the just boiling milk or water. You can add in the cereal, vegetable oil or honey one teaspoon per serving.Close the vessel with a lid and wait until the porridge cools (can not boil). All
— porridge is ready. With its regular use is achieved:
- the restoration of coordination of movements;
- usilivaetsya visual acuity;
- thicken hair, restore its natural color and luster;
- strengthens teeth, stops cavities and cured paradontitis;
- appears almost full neoprimitivistic to colds;
- improves the condition in many diseases (tuberculosis, pneumonia, gastric ulcer, impotence and many others).
To use sprouted wheat can people of any age. Clear improvement of health occurs within 1-2 weeks. Dried fruits are especially useful dried apricots, dried apricots, prunes, raisins. It is recommended to eat 2-3 times a day. Remember, we eat to live, not live to eat.
- There are a number of rules that you must follow:
- chew (yoga suggest that you each a piece to chew 100 to 200 times);
- do not wash down food with fluid (for example, the tea sandwich);
- to observe the compatibility of different products;
- there is always a relaxed atmosphere and not talking while eating
In my practice of yoga pay great attention to the natural way of cleansing the body is fasting. Used three types of fasting:
- prolonged fasting, which is held from 10 to 40 days;
- secondary starvation from 2-10 days;
- short-term starvation for the duration of 36 or 24 hours
Short-term starvation is the most appropriate and effective way of healing, so yoga highly recommend him. With the exception of children too malnourished people.
The ideal time to practice yoga is morning and the time before sunrise. You could do this at another time, but after 3-4 hours after eating. If you are engaged in other types, we do yoga in the morning, and at other times of the day in their favorite sport. During the exercise try to look at one spot straight ahead. This will help you concentrate and focus. Yogis believe that if the exercises are performed standing or sitting, the person should be facing East, if lying, then East needs to be turned the head. In Hatha yoga there are many exercises.
Offer two sets:
- main kargotransit binding complex;
- enhanced complex.
The main complex consists of 54 exercises and have been practiced for six months, then executed within 2,5-3,5 years and beyond. The second complex is the so-called enhanced facility which was built based on basic, but with the difference that 30 exercises from the main complex is replaced by a more complex, and 24 remain the same.
Yoga propose to take to learn a from 1 to 3 exercises (“asanas”) and do only them within 10 days. Every 10 days must be added to them from 1 to 3 exercises.
- When not specified, how many times to do the exercise, it means that it is executed only 1 time;
- When it is said that the exercise is repeated, it means, what it should только2 times;
When you specify that the exercise is done up of a certain number of times ( for example, from 1 up to 3 times ), it means that in the beginning it is necessary to perform the specified minimum, and in each following decade to add 1 time;
If they say that exercise is performed at the shutter speed, it means that making it, you should keep to yourself a regular account in seconds ( “one, two, three” etc.) until the first sensation of the slightest inconvenience or discomfort. Then you have to remember the account out of poses and to record the number of seconds in the “Schedule of classes”.
What if, for whatever valid reason you had a break in practice?
If this interruption exceeds 10 days during the learning of the main complex, then you will have to return to your original zero point and start learning from the beginning;
If this interruption exceeds 10 days when you learned all the complex and performed it completely, you can after a forced break to perform the entire complex, but the minimum number of times.